What is Finish?

Finishing, in the world of textiles, refers to any treatment, be it mechanical, thermal, or chemical, applied to a textile fabric or garment to enhance its appearance, performance, or properties. Textile finishes are applied during different stages of production including spinning, weaving, knitting, dyeing, and printing.

There are many different types of textile finishes available, and each is applied to achieve a unique effect. For instance, a softener finish enhances the feel and drape of the fabric, whereas a water-repellent finish provides resistance to water. Other finishes can improve the fabric's durability, flame resistance, or stain resistance.

One of the most commonly used finishes is the mercerization finish, which is used to enhance the luster, strength, and dyeability of cotton fabrics. Another common finish is a wrinkle-resistant finish, which can be applied to fabrics made from cotton, polyester, or blends to reduce or eliminate wrinkling.

Textile finishes are classified as either permanent or temporary, depending on the type of finish and the intended use of the fabric or garment. Some finishes, such as water-repellent finishes, may wear off over time or with repeated washing, while others, such as flame-resistant finishes, may be more permanent.