What is Selvedge?

Selvedge (or selvage) is a term used to describe the self-finished edge of a woven fabric. It is the narrow, tightly woven edge that runs parallel to the length of the fabric. Selvedges are created by the weft yarns looping back at the end of each row of weaving, resulting in a clean edge that won't fray or unravel. This is in contrast to the cut edge of a fabric that is susceptible to fraying.

Selvedges are often marked with identifying information such as the manufacturer's name, the fabric type, and the width of the fabric. This makes it easy for designers and manufacturers to keep track of their materials and to identify the right side of the fabric.

In addition to being a practical feature of a fabric, selvedges can also be an aesthetic element. Some designers choose to incorporate the selvedge into their designs, using it as a decorative edge or even as a design element in its own right.

Selvedges are most commonly found in denim fabrics and other sturdy, heavy-weight materials. However, they can also be found in lighter-weight fabrics such as silk and cotton. When working with selvedge fabrics, it is important to take into consideration the width of the selvedge, as this can impact the amount of usable fabric you have to work with.

The selvedge is an important feature of woven fabrics that serves both a practical and aesthetic purpose. Its presence can provide valuable information to designers and manufacturers, as well as offer a unique design element for those who choose to incorporate it into their work.