What is Transpiration?

Transpiration, a critical aspect of garment design, refers to the process of moisture transfer from the body through the fabric to the environment. This process is crucial as it affects the level of comfort experienced by the wearer of the garment.

Sweating is a natural reaction that occurs in the body when we wear clothes, leading to heat generation and the accumulation of moisture on the skin. If this moisture is unable to escape or evaporate through the fabric, it can cause discomfort, irritation, and even bacterial growth.

Breathable fabrics play a vital role in reducing the accumulation of moisture on the skin by allowing air and moisture to pass through. This feature is especially useful during physical activity or in hot and humid environments where the body is prone to sweating.

Transpiration is influenced by several factors such as the fabric's thickness, structure, and composition, physical activity levels, and the environment in which the garment is worn.

While natural fibers like cotton and linen are generally more breathable, the advancement of textile technology has led to the development of highly breathable synthetic fabrics as well.

To ensure optimal transpiration, garment designers must consider several factors such as breathability, moisture-wicking properties, and airflow while selecting fabrics and designing garments.

This consideration is particularly crucial in sportswear, outdoor clothing, and other performance-based apparel where moisture management is essential for the wearer's comfort and performance.